This Third Generation of Computer is mainly more advanced than the first and second-generation computers. These third-generation computers started in 1964 and ended in 1971, and these third-generation computers mainly started using an integrated circuit (IC) instead of using transistors. The integrated circuit is a material consisting of thousands of tiny transistors. Therefore, computers with the help of integrated circuits become more reliable, and faster, require less maintenance, generate less heat, are smaller in size, and are less expensive to buy.
This third generation computers mainly consume less power than first and second-generation computers. But for this reason, they are a bit expensive to purchase and air conditioners are also used to cool them.
Examples:- UNIVAC 1108, UNIVAC AC 9000, IBM-370, ICL 2900, IBM-360 series, Honeywell-6000 series, PDP 11 (Personal Data Processor), TDC-316.
The Main Features of the Third Generation
- IC (integrated circuit) used
- This third-generation computer is more reliable than the previous two generations.
- Third-generation computers are much smaller in size than the previous two generations.
- produces less heat.
- Computers of this generation are very fast in working.
- low maintenance is required.
- Computers of this generation are a bit expensive in the budget as compared to the previous two generations.
- If the computer gets hot then AC is required to cool it down.
- Lower power consumption than first and second-generation computers.
- Supported high-level language.
Advantages of the Third Generation of Computer
- Less space is required to keep this Third Generation of computers as these computers are much smaller in size than the previous two-generation computers.
- They do not require much energy to operate and at the same time, these computers generate less heat.
- Third-generation computers are considered more accurate than previous-generation computers.
- Computers of this generation were more energy efficient than computers of the first and second generations.
- The integrated circuit (IC) technology used to make the computers included in this fifth generation has primarily made computers more reliable.
- These third-generation computers had low maintenance costs due to rare hardware failures.
- In third-generation computers, the punch card was removed and input was taken with the help of a mouse and keyboard.
- It is mainly used to provide better speed in the computer.
Disadvantages of Third Generation of Computer
- This third-generation computer still required air conditioning.
- The manufacturing of integrated circuits (ICs) primarily requires highly sophisticated technology.
- The biggest disadvantage of this third-generation computer was that it produced less heat and required air conditioning.
- Integrated circuits (ICs) used to be very difficult to maintain.
- It was a bit difficult for new users to operate the third-generation computer.
- The third-generation computers required very advanced technology to make IC (Integrated Circuits).
- More reliable.
- Top 21 Best Processors For Mobile Ranking List
- Shortcut Keys of Computer: List of Win 7/10/11, Excel, Word, PowerPoint
- Best Waterproof Mobile in India with Price
- Top 21 Uses of Computer In Different Fields
Final Word Of Third generation of computer:-
Friends, through this article, the main features, disadvantages, and advantages of the Third Generation of Computers and their examples have been explained in detail. Computers coming in this third generation started in 1964 and ended in 1971. Integrated circuits were mainly used as another technology in these computers.